Possibly ever you have asked yourself this question,how to know the IP of my computer? The IP is a unique and identifying number that is assigned to the computer equipment to uniquely identify it when it connects to the network.
This identification code is present in desktops and laptops, but also on mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones. The way to find this data is similar on all computers, or at least very similar.
This time we focus on desktop computers, which have gained much relevance in the last year with the pandemic. The desktops in PCBox They are gaining interest for various reasons, one of them is the growing interest in gaming and the video game sector, and another equally significant is the momentum that teleworking has experienced in recent months.
Why is the IP address important?
The IP is a number, a logical label, which is assigned to computing devices when connected to an IP network, which are the ones that work with the internet protocol. In this way, the computers that are connected receive and send information that reaches its destination through the network.
The IP is usually composed of four numbers between 0 and 255 separated by periods. This is the case for the IPv4 versions, although there are also IPv6 versions that use longer character strings that include numbers and letters.
The IP address of the equipment, either desktop or laptop, It is assigned automatically by the router, but when the network is changed, this address or code changesTherefore, it is important to know which IP you are working with, without having to memorize it.
Private IP vs. Public IP
Another key point is that there are two different IP addresses, public and private. The private IP is the one used by each computer connected within a local network. This makes it possible to differentiate between devices that use the same local network.
The public IP is the one shown by the rest of the devices outside the network. In this way, all computers connected to the same network share the same public IPThis is determined by the router, which is the equipment that acts as a gatekeeper, that is, it allows information to enter and exit through the Internet.
In this way, the IP shown to web pages and other internet services is the public IP of the router, not the private one.
How to know the IP of a Windows, Mac or Linux computer?
On Windows This information can be accessed in the option “Open the Center of networks and shared resources”. From there you should click on “Change adapter settings”, select the network card you are using and click with the right mouse button to choose “Status”. Then a dialog box appears and in details you can see the IPv4 address.
A second option in Windows is with the command box. If you press Windows + R and type the command cmd.exe, what will appear on the screen is the Windows terminal. At that time you can type the command ipconfig and all the connection data will appear, including the IPv4 address.
On Mac The process is even simpler, as all you have to do is go to the System preferences and, in the Network box that appears, find the connection that is currently being used. There it is already specified what the IP address is.
On LinuxAlthough it is a less used operating system, the steps to follow are also very intuitive. In Ubuntu there is an option that is Connection icon, on the top panel. There you have to choose the Connection Information option and the IPv4 address, among other information, is already displayed.
The IP address is not the same as that of the domain, since the latter corresponds to the IP of the server where the page is hosted. This means that the IP of the domain will always be the same, since the server does not change location and is constantly connected.